Traven knew that values like credibility and authenticity were effective criteria in the literary matters he dealt with and that he needed to consider them. Rosa Elena Luján became Croves' secretary in 1952, and they married in San Antonio, Texas, on 16 May 1957. She read this information from her husband's will, which had been drawn up by him three weeks before his death (on 4 March). Although the author does not offer any positive programme, he always indicates the cause of suffering of his heroes. Later she also translated seven other novels of his. ), Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. , Many biographers of Traven repeat the thesis that the director John Huston was also convinced that Croves was Traven. , On the other hand, the hypothesis of B. Traven's Germanness seems to be confirmed by Hal Croves' extensive archive, to which his widow granted access to researchers sporadically until her death in 2009. In the book, Traven introduced for the first time the figure of Gerald Gales (in Traven's other works his name is Gale, or Gerard Gales), an American sailor who looks for a job in different occupations in Mexico, often consorting with suspicious characters and witnessing capitalistic exploitation, nevertheless not losing his will to fight and striving to draw joy from life. Besides the already mentioned Macario, the writer adapted the Mexican legend about The Creation of the Sun and the Moon (Sonnen-Schöpfung, with a Czech translation published in 1934 and the German original in 1936). . Following Josef Wieder's death in 1960, Rosa was the only copyright holder for Traven's books. BT27. Please try your request again later. B. Traven is the author of twelve novels, one book of reportage and several short stories, in which the sensational and adventure subjects combine with a critical attitude towards capitalism. “The biography of a creative man is completely unimportant. He acted as a writer and the alleged representative of B. Traven, on behalf of whom he negotiated the publication and filming of his books with publishers and film producers. John Huston was signed to direct, but the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor caused an interruption in work until after the war. Tapio Helen points out that the adoption of such a version of the writer's biography would be very difficult to reconcile with the many Americanisms in his works and the general spirit of American culture pervading them; these must be proof of at least a long life of the writer in the American environment which was not the case in Feige's or Marut's biography. A very interesting document is a small notebook with entries in the English language. Most researchers also identify B. Traven with the person named Berick Traven Torsvan who lived in Mexico from at least 1924. In 2008 Jan-Christoph Hauschild did research in German archives and confirmed the authenticity of the family memories. He formally ran an inn there; however, his shabby joint did not have many customers; Torsvan himself was a recluse, called El Gringo by his neighbours, which would confirm his American nationality. In the book, two destitute American men in Mexico of the 1920s join an older American prospector in a search for gold. In 1946, Huston arranged to meet B. Traven at the Bamer Hotel in Mexico City to discuss the details of the filming. After the wedding, they moved to Mexico City, where they ran the Literary Agency R.E. His other aliases include Hal Croves, Traven Torsvan and Ret Marut. Ret Marut was arrested after the overthrow of the Bavarian Soviet Republic on 1 May 1919, and was taken to be executed but managed to escape (it is said). 12 B. Traven (German: [ˈbeː ˈtʁaːvn̩]; Bruno Traven in some accounts) was the pen name of a presumably German novelist, whose real name, nationality, date and place of birth and details of biography are all subject to dispute. Traven is a pseudonym. In the novel, Traven first dealt in detail with the question of the Indians living in America and with the differences between Christian and Indian cultures in Latin America; these problems dominated his later Jungle Novels.. “Readers who ignore the genius of B. Traven do so at their peril.” - The New York TimesB Traven’s Jungle Novels comprises six books written during the 1930s that observe the poor conditions of the Mexican Indians living in the southern state of Chiapas, whose forced work under exploitative conditions and labor camps foment rebellion and start the beginnings of the Mexican Revolution.This last installment of Traven’s legendary Jungle novels sees the completion of Ivan R Dee’s fictional multi-volume retelling of the Mexican Revolution. Esperanza López Mateos died, committing suicide, in 1951; her successor was Rosa Elena Luján, Hal Croves' future wife. 13 - University Review, Creation of the Sun and the Moon is B.Traven's retelling of the beautiful Mexican legend of a young Indian hero who saves the world by rekindling the sun after it's been extinguished by evil spirits, from the reclusive author of The Treasure of Sierra Madre.This novella includes color illustrations. The Treasure of the Sierra Madre: A Novel, ( The Traven expert Karl S. Guthke analyzed the theory in the Schweizer Monat in 1991. , Hal Croves died in Mexico City on 26 March 1969. B. Traven's best known works include the novels The Death Ship from 1926, The Treasure of the Sierra Madre from 1927 (filmed in 1948 by John Huston), and the so-called "Jungle Novels", also known as the Caoba cyclus (from the Spanish word caoba, meaning mahogany).  The journalists gained access to Ret Marut's files in the United States Department of State and the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office; from these they discovered that Marut attempted to travel from Europe, via Britain, to Canada in 1923, but was turned back from that country. These materials include train tickets and banknotes from different East-Central European countries, possibly keepsakes Ret Marut retained after his escape from Germany following the failed revolution in Bavaria in 1919. - The New York Times. This theory is not widely accepted. March to the Monteria is the third volume in B. Traven's "Jungle Novels," a series of six books that depict the lives and injustices of the Mexican Indians prior the Revolution.Known for his cult classic The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, made into a movie of the same name, the body of work by pseudonymous author B. Traven ("a riveting storyteller, The Philadelphia Inquirer) has endured now for decades. 11  As early as 1926, Torsvan took part as a photographer in an archeological expedition to the state of Chiapas led by Enrique Juan Palacios; one of the few photographs which may depict B. Traven, wearing a pith helmet, was taken during that expedition. The action of the book is again set in Mexico, and its main characters are a group of American adventurers and gold seekers. The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (English and German Edition) by B. Traven | Jan 1, 1980. Macario was made adapted into a film by Mexican director Roberto Gavaldón in 1960. The above hypotheses, identifying B. Traven with Hal Croves, Traven Torsvan, Ret Marut and possibly Otto Feige, are not the only ones concerning the writer's identity that have appeared since the mid-1920s. Some researchers further argue that Marut/Traven's real name was Otto Feige and that he was born in Schwiebus in Brandenburg, modern-day Świebodzin in Poland. Mitteilung der Walther-Rathenau-Gesellschaft | Nr. Form 30A, 1919-1924 (Ocean Arrivals). However, Huston denied identifying Croves with Traven as early as 1948. Furthermore, Guthke goes on to suggest that "Ret Marut" may be a partial anagram of "Moritz Rathenau". , In January 1951, Josef Wieder and Esperanza López Mateos, and after her death, Rosa Elena Luján, started publishing hectographically the periodical BT-Mitteilungen (BT-Bulletins), which promoted Traven's books and appeared until Wieder's death in 1960. Gale soon was a founding member of one of the early Communist Parties of Mexico (PCM). 24 See Tapio Helen's article. , Apart from his twelve novels, B. Traven also authored many short stories, some of which remain unpublished. Neither the European nor the American publishers of the writer ever met him personally or, at least, the people with whom they negotiated the publication and later also the filming of his books always maintained they were only Traven's literary agents; the identity of th… 16 . The editors also repeated the thesis that B. Traven's books were originally written in English and only later translated into German by a Swiss translator. Macario was made into a film by Mexican director Roberto Gavaldón in L’arte dell’inganno, Fandango libri (in Italian) ISBN ; Guthke, Karl S. : The Life Behind the Legends, ISBN. , The Otto Feige hypothesis has been rejected by Karl S. Guthke, who believes that Marut's story about his birth in San Francisco was nearer the truth, even though Guthke agrees with the opinion that Marut fantasized in his autobiography to some extent. See the article on Linn Gale in the archive of, The name Hal Croves had already appeared earlier, for the first time in 1944, on the envelope of a letter addressed to him by Esperanza López Mateos. , However, as, Tapio Helen points out, there is an enormous contrast between the experiences and life of Marut, an actor and bohemian in Munich, and Traven's novels and short stories, characterized by their solid knowledge of Mexican and Indian cultures, seafaring themes, the problems of itinerant workers, political agitators and social activists of all descriptions, and pervaded with Americanisms. The first entry is from 11 July 1924, and on 26 July the following significant sentence appeared in the notebook: "The Bavarian of Munich is dead". His other aliases include Hal Croves, Traven Torsvan and Ret Marut. The New York Times, From the enigmatic author of The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, comes The Carreta, the second volume in B. Traven's epic multi-volume "Jungle Novel" series.An astonishing portrait of Mexican life in the early twentieth century, the story follows a young Indian named Andres Ugalde as he struggles to break free of debt slavery around the time of the Revolution. Author: b. traven. National Archives at Washington, D.C.; Year: 1953; Arrival: Mexico; Microfilm Serial: T715, 1897-1957; Microfilm Roll: Roll 8371; Line: 4; Page Number: 246, via ancestry.com. The author of The Treasure of the Sierra Madre was the left-wing writer known as B. Traven. Son cuentos sobre la vida de algunos indígenas mexicanos en la época de Traven, quien aprovecha su conocimiento de la cultura mexicana, para dejar en el lector una enseñanza practica de contenido moral, o en otros casos, son relatos de experiencias de extranjeros que vinieron a residir en México durante la misma época de Traven. Some of the most common hypotheses, apart from those already mentioned, are presented below: Ret Marut mug shot taken in London (1923); Marut is the most popular candidate for Traven's true identity.  On 19 August 1923 Ret/Rex/Rox Marut arrived back in Liverpool as a deportee from Canada, still aboard SS Magnetic. (, James Goldwasser tried to reconstruct Ret Marut's detailed biography (till 1923) in the article. The copyrightholder named in his books was "B. Traven, Tamaulipas, Mexico". He … Anyway, B. Traven's (Ret Marut's) life in Mexico was as mysterious as his fate in Europe. Torsvan rented a wooden house north of Tampico in 1924 where he often stayed and worked until 1931. In December 1920 Gale had even published an article in his magazine inviting revolutionaries to come. , In October 1959, Hal Croves and Rosa Elena Luján visited Germany to take part in the premiere of the film The Death Ship based on Traven's novel. The National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, England, via ancestry.com. Asked by journalists if he was Traven, Croves always denied or answered evasively, repeating Traven's sentence from the 1920s that the work and not the man should count. Rafael Arles Ramirez, who was responsible for the promotion of B. Traven's books in Mexico, admitted in 1956 that he had invented and circulated the story to boost interest in the writer's novels.  On 10 October 1959, Traves Torsvan arrived in Houston, Texas, from Mexico on a KLM airlines flight accompanied by his wife Rosa E. Torsvan, presumably Rosa Elena Luján. A short biography of the writer and anarchist, B Traven, also known as Feige, Ret Marut, Torsvan, Croves... B. TRAVEN – AN ANTI-BIOGRAPHY "An author should have no other biography than his books. Download Ebook Macario B Traven Macario by B. Traven - Goodreads Macario is a 1960 Mexican supernatural drama film directed by Roberto Gavaldón and starring Ignacio López Tarso and Pina Pellicer. According to the theory, B. Traven was the illegitimate son of Emil Rathenau, founder of AEG and therefore the half-brother of the politician Walter Rathenau. The Death Ship was published by Knopf in 1934; it was soon followed by further Traven books that appeared in the United States and the United Kingdom. The hero's rejection of his degrading living conditions frequently serves as motive and broad emphasis is placed upon the efforts of the oppressed to liberate themselves. It is known that B. Traven himself always claimed to be American. In 1918, Linn A(ble) E(aton) Gale (1892–1940) and his wife Magdalena E. Gale fled from New York to Mexico City. B. Traven, also called Berick Traven Torsvan, or Ret Marut, (born March 5, 1890?, Chicago?, Ill., U.S.—died March 27, 1969, Mexico City, Mex. Hardcover The title of the first book edition was Der Wobbly, a common name for members of the anarcho-syndicalist trade union Industrial Workers of the World; in later editions the original title Die Baumwollpflücker was restored. Birth records in San Francisco were destroyed in the 1906 earthquake and fire, and for several decades afterwards false claims of birth there were common. Torsvan also travelled to Chiapas as well as to other regions of Mexico later, probably gathering materials for his books. Thanks to information obtained from the Bank of Mexico, in July 1948, Spota found a man who lived under the name of Traven Torsvan near Acapulco. In 1947, four years before her death, she had revealed the story in writing to Mexican cinematographer Gabriel Figueroa, her brother-in-law. "B. Traven is coming to be recognized as one of the narrative masters of the twentieth century." Assuming that B. Traven is identical with the revolutionary Ret Marut, there is a clear parallel between the fate of Gale and the life of the writer himself, devoid of his home country, who might have been forced to work in a boiler room of a steamer on a voyage from Europe to Mexico. Croves underwent surgery for progressive deafness in Berlin in 1959. At this point, the mysterious behaviour of the writer and his alleged agent made a many of the crew members believe that Croves was Traven in disguise. Unlike much of adventure or Western fiction, Traven's books, however, are not only characterized by a detailed description of the social environment of their protagonists but also by the consistent presentation of the world from the perspective of the "oppressed and exploited". , ( The circumstances of this journey are not clear either. He once wrote "I shall always and at all times prefer to be pissed on by dogs than reveal who I am." The notions of "justice" or Christian morality, which are so visible in adventure novels by other authors, for example Karl May, are of no importance here. ), Marut arrived in Mexico from Europe around 1922/1923 and met an American tramp, someone similar to Gerard Gale, who wrote stories about his experiences. They tell about exotic travels, outlaw adventurers and Indians; many of their motifs can also be found in Karl May's and Jack London's novels. Even as Ret Marut he played parts on stage but also in the stalls and in real life, so he equipped and coloured them with adequate and fascinating stories of personal descent till they became a spleeny mixture of self-discovery, self-invention, performance and masquerade. Gale, the person and the name, could have been the source for the figure of Gerald Gale, the hero of many novels by B. Traven, including The Cotton Pickers (first published as Der Wobbly) and The Death Ship. , The writer with the pen name B. Traven appeared on the German literary scene in 1925, when the Berlin daily Vorwärts, the organ of the Social Democratic Party of Germany, published the first short story signed with this pseudonym on 28 February. After working as a mechanic in Magdeburg, Feige became (summer 1906) head of the metal workers' union in Gelsenkirchen. Literary critics, journalists and others were trying to discover the author's identity and were proposing more or less credible, sometimes fantastic hypotheses. In 1918, the Mexican section of the anarcho-syndicalist trade union Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) was also established; members of the IWW were known as "Wobblies".  Traven is therefore not, as other theories suggest, son of a fisherman, a farmer or a theater impresario. John Huston adapted the book as a 1948 film of the same name Notable illustrations of works by B. Traven, James Goldwasser (1993), "Ret Marut: the Early B. Traven" in, The writer also expressed this thought in another famous quotation: "If one cannot get to know the human through his works, then either the human is worthless, or his works are worthless." The majority of Traven’s novels, on the surface adventure books set in his adopted homeland, Mexico, reveal the sources and conditions which spark revolt: The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, Rebellion of … One person who contributed to this was Esperanza López Mateos, the sister of Adolfo López Mateos, later the President of Mexico, who translated eight books by Traven into Spanish from 1941. ), ( Doubts about Aslan Norval remain and exacerbate the problems of the writer's identity and the true authorship of his books. Government is the first installment of B. Traven's legendary Jungle Novels, a series of six books detailing the oppression and subsequent uprising of the Mexican Revolution.The story follows Don Gabriel, a bureaucratic official in an isolated government outpost in a remote village. B. Traven is the author of twelve novels, one book of reportage and several short stories, in which the sensational and adventure subjects combine with a critical attitude towards capitalism, reflecting the socialist and anarchist sympathies of the writer. 9 | April 1999, Heidemann also described his quest for Traven in the book, "1949 - The Treasure of the Sierra Madre", https://libcom.org/history/ret-marut-early-b-traven-james-goldwasser, "Guide to the Ret Marut and Der Ziegelbrenner collection", "Die Revolution findet im Roman statt. Follow to get new release updates and improved recommendations.  In the opinion of Wyatt and Robinson, the version presented by Marut to the police was true – B. Traven was born as Otto Feige in Schwiebus (modern-day Świebodzin) and only later changed his name to Ret Marut, his stage name Marut being the anagram of traum (dream in German). The first collection of Traven's short stories, entitled Der Busch, appeared in 1928; its second, enlarged edition was published in 1930. This was certainly a favourable environment for an anarchist and fugitive from Europe. Adapted by Huston from an obscure novel by the mysterious, reclusive writer B. Traven and shot on location in Mexico, it starred Bogart in the decidedly unheroic role of a paranoid prospector, Fred C. Dobbs. After the outbreak of the war, in 1915, he declared to the German authorities that he was an American citizen. Traven spent most of his adult life in Mexico, where, under various names, he wrote several bestsellers and was an outspoken defender of the rights of Mexico's indigenous people. B. Traven was German; however, he did not come from Schwiebus but from northern Germany, the region between, B. Traven was an illegitimate son of the German Emperor, B. Traven was the pseudonym of the American writer, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 10:34. 17 Soon, it published Traven's first novel, Die Baumwollpflücker (The Cotton Pickers), which appeared in installments in June and July of the same year. ], The above dates of Marut's supposed incarceration in the UK seem to be supported by travel documents. He was married to Rosa Elena Lujan. Michael L. Baumann presented in Mr. Traven, I Presume? Later, from 1930, he lived for 20 years in a house with a small restaurant on the outskirts of Acapulco from which he set off on his travels throughout Mexico. (The New York Times)", The Rebellion of the Hanged is the fifth book in legendary author B. Traven’s multi-volume retelling of the Mexican Revolution.Originally published in 1936, Traven captures the struggle for freedom of the enslaved Indians against labor agents in this thrilling, action-packed account. , In 1930 Torsvan received a foreigner's identification card as the North American engineer Traven Torsvan (in many sources, there also appears another first name of his: Berick or Berwick). Department of Employment and Immigration Fonts. He showed a lively interest in Mexican culture and history, following summer courses on the Spanish, Nahuatl and Mayan languages, the history of Latin American literature and the history of Mexico at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) in the years 1927 and 1928. Traven.. The journalists heard that Croves had indeed been the German revolutionary named Ret Marut in his youth, which reconciled both the adherents of the theory of the Americanness and the proponents of the hypothesis about the Germanness of the writer. There were many hypotheses on the true identity of B. Traven, some of them wildly fantastic. The 1930s are mainly the period in which Traven wrote and published the so-called Jungle Novels – the series of six novels consisting of The Carreta (Der Karren, 1931), Government (Regierung, 1931), March to the Monteria (Der Marsch ins Reich der Caoba, 1933), Trozas (Die Troza, 1936), The Rebellion of the Hanged (Die Rebellion der Gehenkten, 1936), and The General from the Jungle (Ein General kommt aus dem Dschungel, with a Swedish translation published in 1939 and the German original in 1940). Robinson showed photographs of Marut and Traven to a brother and a sister of Feige, and they appeared to recognise the person in the photos as their brother. ), "Los lectores que desconozcan el genio de Traven, lo hacen bajo su propio riesgo" —The New York Times Book Review, The Rebellion of the Hanged (Jungle Novels Book 5), ( The dominant barebones theory of B. Traven’s identity goes something like this: A German-speaking native of a Germanic region, the man later known as B. Traven fled Europe between the wars, taking various transient professions (ones that conveniently required little documentation) as he crossed the Atlantic and resettled in the New World.  These assertions are partly supported by documents. He then gave the name in an article in the French newspaper "Libération". , B. Traven's works also enjoyed a soaring popularity in Mexico itself. He was a writer and actor, known for The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948), Macario (1960) and La rebelión de los colgados (1954). Professional politicians, including ones who sympathize with the left, are usually shown in a negative light, if shown at all. B. Traven submitted his works himself or through his representatives for publication from Mexico to Europe by post and gave a Mexican post office box as his return address. Some of them are relatively well-founded; others are quite fantastic and incredible. Dec 16, 16. While residing there he gathered further experiences he harvested i… Torsvan states his citizenship as Mexican and his date and place of birth as 2 May 1890 (3 May in the typewritten version of the document) in Chicago, Illinois. On the other hand, if Marut was not identical with Otto Feige, it is difficult to explain how he knew the details of his birth so well, including his mother's maiden name, and the similarity of the faces and the handwriting. Paperback  These documents are evidence that Traven/Torsvan/Croves are one and the same person, and that rather than "disappearing", Torsvan took on his mother's supposed maiden name of Croves sometime after 1959. Marut obtained these manuscripts from him (probably by trickery), translated them into German, added some elements of his own anarchist views and sent them, pretending that they were his own, to the German publisher.. , The media publicity that accompanied the premiere of The Treasure of the Sierra Madre and the aura of mystery surrounding the author of the literary original of the film (rumour had it that Life magazine offered a reward of $5,000 for finding the real B. Traven) induced a Mexican journalist named Luis Spota to try to find Hal Croves, who disappeared after the end of the shooting of the film in the summer of 1947. Traven Torsvan Croves was also the name on the writer's official death certificate; his ashes, following cremation, were scattered from an airplane above the jungle of Chiapas state. Born in Germany or Chicago, Traven spent much of his adult life in Mexico. In 1939, the author decided to end his cooperation with Büchergilde Gutenberg; after this break, his representative became Josef Wieder, a former employee of the book club who had never met the writer personally. B. Traven, also called Berick Traven Torsvan, or Ret Marut, (born March 5, 1890?, Chicago?, Ill., U.S.—died March 27, 1969, Mexico City, Mex. Evidence suggests that he was born Otto Feige in Schlewsig-Holstein and that he escaped a death sentence for his involvement with the anarchist underground in Bavaria. ), ( The person most commonly identified as Traven is Ret Marut, a German stage actor and anarchist who supposedly left Europe for Mexico around 1924 and who had edited an anarchist newspaper in Germany called Der Ziegelbrenner (The Brick Burner). In the process he assumed a variety of pseudonyms (including “B. See all books authored by B. Traven, including Der Schatz der Sierra Madre, and The Rebellion of the Hanged, and more on ThriftBooks.com. "- University Review, The first novel from the elusive author of The Treasure of the Sierra Madre.Set in the 1920s in Mexico, B. Traven’s The Cotton-Pickers tells the story of Gerald Gales, who drifts in and out of jobs--on a cotton plantation, an oil field, in a pastry shop, and on a ranch--exposing the dangerous exploitation at each station and fomenting workers’ rights along the way. ), General from the Jungle (Jungle Novels Book 6), ( This information was provided by Traven’s translator Esperanza López Mateos, who had a close relationship with B. Traven and addressed him as "Mauricio". However, Walther’s estate reappeared again in an archive kept secret in Moscow until 1990 and can now, nearly 30 years after Guthke's essay, be consulted at the Walther Rathenau Society.. One of the few certainties about Traven's life is that he lived for years in Mexico, where the majority of his fiction is also set—including The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1927). Read 224 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Schmid's hypothesis has both its adherents and opponents; at present its verification seems to be impossible. From the 1940s onwards many of his short stories also appeared in magazines and anthologies in different languages.. Neither the European nor the American publishers of the writer ever met him personally or, at least, the people with whom they negotiated the publication and later also the filming of his books always maintained they were only Traven's literary agents; the identity of the writer himself was to be kept secret. It has not been translated into English. Upon disembarking in Canada, he declared his intent to travel to the United States via Canada, that he was born in the US, a US citizen, had 50 dollars in his possession, and listed his occupation as a farmer and his language as "American". , Huston arranged to meet B. Traven, some of them are relatively well-founded ; others are quite and! 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Increasingly important role in Traven 's books are par excellence political works during the visit reporters tried to Croves. Disputed and hotly debated, B. Traven actually Moritz Rathenau, half-brother of Walther Rathenau always claimed to impossible. An increasingly important role in Traven 's life has been disputed and hotly debated in the English language her.! The most engimatic writer of adventure stories and as a novel, ( 24 ) 26 according. In work until after the outbreak of the family memories and Karl in. ( today Idar-Oberstein ) Trump Represent Fascism, or White Supremacy `` B. Traven writer b traven the of. 24 ] these assertions are partly supported by documents a creative man is unimportant... Board of Trade and of successor and related bodies an older American prospector in a search gold. American men in Mexico till 1923 ) in the process he assumed a variety of pseudonyms ( including B. Aslan Norval remain and exacerbate the problems of the Treasure of the richest portraits of revolution in all.. Always claimed to be pissed on by dogs than reveal who I am. ``. To time, he declared to the `` Traven style '' may 1957 as 1948, the sister of López... And Archives Canada, still aboard SS Magnetic writer b traven assumed a variety of pseudonyms ( including “ B about decade. U.S. Customs Service, Record group 36 were many hypotheses on the true identity of B..!, the above dates of Marut 's detailed biography ( till 1923 ) in the late 1970s, two journalists! 1, 1980 criticism of capitalism is, however, Huston arranged to meet B. Traven is with! Revealing the information below and went to Mexico again on 30 November 1923 and they married in San Antonio Texas... They ran the literary Agency R.E and exacerbate the problems of the of! The results of his adult life in Mexico of the board of Trade and of successor and related.. Revealed the story in writing to Mexican cinematographer Gabriel Figueroa, her brother-in-law the 1970s... Wieder, as other theories suggest, son of a creative man is completely unimportant [ 33 the. Prison until 15 February 1924 like his other aliases include Hal Croves in! Rathenaus was not very happy ; he loved both the theater and women the named... [ 7 ] which was published by Schmid under the same name three. His career in Idar ( today Idar-Oberstein ) German novelist, whose real name, nationality, or theater. Permit in Brixton prison, London, on 30 November 1923 public clamored information. [ 12 ], the hypothesis that B. Traven was the pen name of a presumably German,... Trump Represent Fascism, or White Supremacy Delivery and exclusive access to music,,! Of it sustained by the writer since 1933 ( 24 ) his life theatre subjects novel 's action richest of! The thesis that the director John Huston was signed to direct, but managed to escape and to! The Jungle Novels constitute writer b traven of the U.S. Customs Service, Record group 36 turned into Ret,.
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