Third-degree heart block – A serious condition also called Stokes-Adams disease; impulses from the heart’s upper chambers (the atria) are completely blocked from reaching the heart’s lower chambers (the ventricles). blood vessel. Myocarditis: Inflammation of the myocardium. Cardioplegia: Refers to paralysis of heart done intentionally for the cardiac surgery. Also called the Maze procedure. Insulin is needed to convert sugar and starch into the energy used in daily life. Medical Root Words. Cyanosis – Blueness of the skin caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood. Ather(o) – yellow plaque or fatty substance. Claudication – A tiredness or pain in the arms and legs caused by an inadequate supply of oxygen to the muscles, usually due to narrowed arteries or peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Testing, Testing: Cardiovascular and Lymphatic Radiology and Diagnostic Tests. Cardiovascular System Root Words Cardiovascular System Suffixes Blood, Lymphatic, And Immune System Prefixes Blood, Lymphatic, And Immune System Combining Forms Blood, Lymphatic, And Immune Systems Suffixes Musculoskeletal System Combining Form Urinary System Root Words Transesophageal echocardiography – A diagnostic test that analyzes sound waves bounced off the heart. Ventricular tachycardia – An arrhythmia (abnormal heartbeat) in the ventricle characterized by a very fast heartbeat. Varicose vein – Any vein that is abnormally dilated (widened). Arteriectomy: Surgical excision of part of an artery. Defibrillator – A device that helps restore a normal heart rhythm by delivering an electric shock. > Root words – Cardiovascular system. Angiolipoma: These are benign subcutaneous tumors composed of fat and blood vessels. Heart murmur -An abnormal heart sound caused by turbulent blood flow. Vasodilators – Any medicine that dilates (widens) the arteries. Abnormal levels of these enzymes signal heart attack. aortic stenosis. Bacterial endocarditis – A bacterial infection of the lining of the heart’s chambers (called the endocardium) or of the heart’s valves. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) – A technique that produces images of the heart and other body structures by measuring the response of certain elements (such as hydrogen) in the body to a magnetic field. Negative inotropes: Any medicine that decreases the strength of the heart’s contraction and the blood pressure in the vessels. Balloon valvuloplasty – A procedure to repair a heart valve. Necrosis – Refers to the death of tissue within a certain area. Artificial heart – A manmade heart. Tachycardia – Accelerated beating of the heart. Trans fat – Created when hydrogen is forced through an ordinary vegetable oil (hydrogenation), converting some polyunsaturates to monounsaturates, and some monounsaturates to saturates. Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) – A disorder that causes an increased heart rate when a person stands upright. cardiovascular: 1 adj of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels “ cardiovascular conditioning” Cardiomyopathy: An acquired or hereditary disease of the heart muscle. aortic septal defect. Also called transradial access, the transradial approach, or transradial angioplasty. Lumen – The hollow area within a tube, such as a blood vessel. A catheter is inserted into an artery in the groin and threaded to the heart. Stem cells – Special cells in the body that are able to transform into other cells. Holter monitor – A portable device for recording heartbeats over a period of 24 hours or more. Second-degree heart block – Impulses traveling through the heart’s upper chambers (the atria) are delayed in the area between the upper and lower chambers (the AV node) and fail to make the ventricles beat at the right moment. blood vessels. Shunt – A connector that allows blood to flow between two locations. BMI is calculated using a formula of weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared (BMI =W [kg]/H [m2]). Cardiovascular… See definitions of cardiovascular. An RVAD does not replace the heart—it “assists” or “helps” it pump oxygen-poor blood from the right ventricle to the lungs. Arteritis: Inflammation of the walls of arteries. Paralysis -Loss of the ability to move muscles and feel in part of the body or the whole body. Given below is a list of commonly used root words, their meanings and some examples of words formed using these root words. Translation. Heart failure – See congestive heart failure. Body mass index (BMI) – A number that indicates an increased risk of cardiovascular disease from a person being overweight. ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor – A medicine that lowers blood pressure by interfering with the breakdown of a protein-like substance involved in blood pressure regulation. Sarcoidosis – An inflammatory disease that starts as tiny, grain-like lumps called granulomas, which most often appear in your lungs or lymph nodes. Abdomin/o: Abdomen Aden/o: Gland Anter/o: Front Arteri/o: Artery Audi/o: Hearing Bio: Life Brachi/o: Arm Bronch/i, bronch/o: Bronchus Carcin/o: Cancer Cardi/o: Heart Col/o: Colon […] Phrases. Nursecepts provides information about a variety of nursing topics. Diastolic blood pressure – The lowest blood pressure measured in the arteries. Medscorecoding Designed and Developed by Jpgdesigns, Medical Terminology of the Integumentary System, New ICD-10-CM codes Effective January 1, 2021, COVID-19 vaccine code structure and administration codes. Coronary occlusion – An obstruction of one of the coronary arteries that hinders blood flow to the heart muscle. Cardiosclerosis: Overgrowth of fibrous connective tissue in the walls of the heart. The root word at the heart of "conformity," for example, is "form." Start studying cardio root words. heart (n.) Old English heorte "heart (hollow muscular organ that circulates blood); breast, soul, spirit, will, desire; courage; mind, intellect," from Proto-Germanic *hertan-(source also of Old Saxon herta, Old Frisian herte, Old Norse hjarta, Dutch hart, Old High German herza, German Herz, Gothic hairto), from PIE root *kerd-"heart.". Cardiac catheterization – A procedure that involves inserting a fine, hollow tube (catheter) into an artery, usually in the groin area, and passing the tube into the heart. Thrombosis – A blood clot that forms inside the blood vessel or cavity of the heart. Ischemic stroke – A type of stroke that is caused by blockage in a blood vessel. Ultrasound – High-frequency sound vibrations, which cannot be heard by the human ear, used in medical diagnosis. Tricuspid valve – The structure that controls blood flow from the heart’s upper right chamber (the right atrium) into the lower right chamber (the right ventricle). Find other words to use instead of cardiovascular, and more. Cardiology – The study of the heart and its function in health and disease. Phleboliths: Tiny calcifications located within a vein. Help support our mission by giving today. The root of a word is the foundation of a medical term and provides the general meaning of the word. I80.9 Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis of unspecified site. Electroencephalogram (EEG) – A test that can detect and record the brain’s electrical activity. Embolus – Also called embolism; a blood clot that forms in a blood vessel in one part of the body and travels to another part. Cardiac output – The amount of blood the heart pumps through the circulatory system in one minute. Since much of the English language is derived from Latin and Greek, there may be times when the root of a word isn’t immediately recognizable because of its origin.You’ll find that the roots listed below are from Greek or Latin and can't stand alone in English; they need something joined to them to make a whole word in English. Ejection fraction – A measurement of the rate at which blood is pumped out of a filled ventricle. Anticoagulant – Any medicine that keeps blood from clotting; a blood thinner. Estrogen production stops after menopause. The normal rate is 50% or more. An electrical current stimulates the heart in an effort to provoke an arrhythmia, determine its origin, and test the effectiveness of medicines to treat the arrhythmias. This condition often indicates a heart defect. Doppler ultrasound – A technology that uses sound waves to assess blood flow within the heart and blood vessels and to identify leaking valves. It is often related to the depressed cardiac output associated with end-stage heart failure, but it can also occur with severe coronary artery disease. • Combining form for heart is cardi • Combining form associated with cells is cyt Ventricular Assist Device (VAD) – A mechanical pump that helps the ventricles pump blood, easing the workload of the heart in patients with heart failure. Cerebrovascular – Pertaining to the blood vessels of the brain. work. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) – ARVD is a type of cardiomyopathy with no known cause. Mitral valve prolapse – A condition that occurs when the leaflets of the mitral valve between the left atrium and left ventricle  bulge into the atrium and permit backflow of blood. CARDIOVASCULAR Meaning: "pertaining to both the heart and the blood vessels," 1870, from cardio- + vascular. Revascularization – A procedure to restore blood flow to the tissues. aneurysm. Cardiomyopathy – A disease of the heart muscle that leads to generalized deterioration of the muscle and its pumping ability. The balloon is inflated to open and separate any narrowed or stiffened flaps (called leaflets) of a valve. A STEMI produces a characteristic elevation in the ST segment on an electrocardiogram. Trans fat, like saturated fat, tends to raise LDL cholesterol levels, and, unlike saturated fat, trans fat also lowers HDL cholesterol levels. Clots stop the flow of blood from an injury. High blood levels of LDL increase a person’s risk of heart disease by promoting cholesterol attachment and accumulation in blood vessels; hence, the popular nickname “bad cholesterol.”. Angioma: Tumors made up of small blood vessels. Root words – Cardiovascular system. See also NSTEMI. Vascular – Pertains to the blood vessels. It is possible for stem cells to transform into heart cells, nerve cells, or other cells of the body, possibly helping to improve the function of failing organs, including the heart. 1: of, relating to, or involving the heart and blood vessels cardiovascular disease the cardiovascular system 2 : used, designed, or performed to cause a temporary increase in heart rate (as to improve heart function and reduce the risk of heart disease) a cardiovascular workout treadmills, stationary bicycles, and other cardiovascular … angina pectoris. Bypass – Surgery that can improve blood flow to the heart (or other organs and tissues) by providing a new route, or “bypass” around a section of clogged or diseased artery. Endocarditis: It is an infection of the endocardium, which is the inner lining of the heart chambers and heart valves. Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) – A general term referring to conditions affecting the heart (cardio) and blood vessels (vascular system). Systolic blood pressure – The highest blood pressure measured in the arteries. Atherosclerosis: It is a disease in which plaque builds up inside the arteries. necrosis of an area. Above knee, below knee, or partial foot are all varieties. Platelets – One of the three types of cells found in blood; they aid in the clotting of blood. A balloon at the end of the catheter, with a replacement valve folded around it, delivers the new valve to take the place of the old. Base words sometimes change spelling when combined with other word parts. Obesity puts a strain on the heart and can increase the risk of developing high blood pressure and diabetes. Match. Valve replacement – An operation to replace a heart valve that is either blocking normal blood flow or causing blood to leak backward into the heart (regurgitation). Low density lipoprotein (LDL) – The body’s primary cholesterol-carrying molecule. All information is for educational purposes only. 1. The root of a word is its main part and core meaning. Cyanotic heart disease – A birth defect of the heart that causes oxygen-poor (blue) blood to circulate to the body without first passing through the lungs. Aphasia – The inability to speak, write, or understand spoken or written language because of brain injury or disease. High triglyceride levels may thicken the blood and make a person more susceptible to clot formation. Guidewire – A small, bendable wire that is threaded through an artery; it helps doctors position a catheter so they can perform angioplasty or stent procedures. Cerebral thrombosis – Formation of a blood clot in an artery that supplies part of the brain. For example, the word arthritis is based on the Greek word arthron + the Greek ending itis (inflammation of). Copyright © 2020. Incompetent valve – Also called insufficiency; a valve that is not working properly, causing it to leak blood back in the wrong direction. Arteritis – Inflammation of the arteries. Impedance plethysmography – A noninvasive diagnostic test used to evaluate blood flow through the leg. See more. This increased fluid presses on the heart and restricts its pumping action. Introducer sheath – A catheter-like tube that is placed inside a patient’s vessel during an interventional procedure to help the doctor with insertion and proper placement of the actual catheter. Mitral stenosis – A narrowing of the mitral valve, which controls blood flow from the heart’s upper left chamber to its lower left chamber. atrial tachycardia. Cardiac cachexia – A term for the muscle and weight loss caused by severe heart disease. A balloon-tipped catheter is threaded through an artery and into the heart. Radionuclide ventriculography – A diagnostic test used to determine the size and shape of the heart’s pumping chambers (the ventricles). Symptoms include prolonged, intensive chest pain and a decrease in blood pressure that often causes shock. Subarachnoid hemorrhage – Bleeding from a blood vessel on the surface of the brain into the space between the brain and the skull. Cardiac enzymes – Complex substances capable of speeding up certain biochemical processes in the heart muscle. Ventricular fibrillation – A condition in which the ventricles contract in a rapid, unsynchronized fashion. Thallium-201 stress test – An x-ray study that follows the path of radioactive potassium carried by the blood into heart muscle. Lipoprotein – A lipid surrounded by a protein; the protein makes the lipid soluble (can be dissolved) in the blood. Your cardiovascular system is made up of the heart, blood vessels and blood. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Lipid – A fatty substance that is insoluble (cannot be dissolved) in the blood. Risk factor – An element or condition involving a certain hazard or danger. Transient ischemic attack (TIA) – A stroke-like event that lasts only for a short time and is caused by a temporarily blocked blood vessel. List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes 1 List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymology. Tamponade – Also called cardiac tamponade. Arterioles – Small, muscular branches of arteries. Aspirin – Acetylsalicylic acid; a medicine used to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and prevent blood clots. Firstly, prefixes and suffixes, primarily in Greek, but also in Latin, have a droppable -o-. amaurosis fugax. Acri: bitter (ac… Palpitation – An uncomfortable feeling within the chest caused by an irregular heartbeat. Endocarditis – A bacterial infection of the heart’s inner lining (endothelium). High triglyceride levels tend to accompany high cholesterol levels and other risk factors for heart disease, such as obesity. Learn faster with spaced repetition. Vasospasm: refers to narrowing of the blood vessels. Stent – A device made of expandable, metal mesh that is placed (by using a balloon catheter) at the site of a narrowing artery. Calcium channel blocker (or calcium blocker) – A medicine that lowers blood pressure by regulating calcium-related electrical activity in the heart. Arteriosclerosis: Hardening and thickening of the walls of the arteries. Radionuclide studies – Any of the diagnostic tests in which a small amount of radioactive material is injected into the bloodstream. Medical Terminology Cardiovascular System. The test lets doctors measure the blood flow and blood pressure in the heart chambers and see if the coronary arteries are blocked. The choice of which agent to use depends greatly on the patient's cholesterol profile, cardiovascular, liver and kidney function. Hover on a tile to learn new words with the same root. Too much iron in the heart can cause irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias) and heart failure. Vasodilation: refers to the widening of blood vessels. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Angi(o) OR vaso – vessel. Dissecting aneurysm – A condition in which the layers of an artery separate or are torn, causing blood to flow between the layers. Often used along with angiography and other procedures, cardiac catheterization has become a primary tool for visualizing the heart and blood vessels and diagnosing and treating heart disease. Myocardial ischemia – Occurs when a part of the heart muscle does not receive enough oxygen. Pulmonary vein – The blood vessel that carries newly oxygenated blood from the lungs back to the left atrium of the heart. Thrombolytic therapy – Intravenous or intra-arterial medicines that are used to dissolve blood clots in an artery. Bundle branch block – A condition in which parts of the heart’s conduction system are defective and unable to conduct the electrical signal normally, causing an irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia). Since much of the English language is derived from Latin and Greek, there may be times when the root of a word isn't immediately recognizable because of its origin. Angiography – An x-ray technique in which dye is injected into the chambers of your heart or the arteries that lead to your heart (the coronary arteries). This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies.Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary.There are a few general rules about how they combine. Septal defect – A hole in the wall of the heart separating the atria or in the wall of the heart separating the ventricles. STEMI – ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. No Comment. I73.9 Peripheral vascular disease, unspecified. Beta-blocker – An antihypertensive medicine that limits the activity of epinephrine, a hormone that increases blood pressure. It can be a whole word or part of a word. Autoregulation – When blood flow to an organ stays the same although pressure in the artery that delivers blood to that organ may have changed. Inferior vena cava – The large vein returning blood from the legs and abdomen to the heart. A root word has no prefix or suffix — it's the most basic part of a word. An LVAD does not replace the heart—it “assists” or “helps” it pump oxygen-rich blood from the left ventricle to the rest of the body. Also called TAVR (Transcatheter aortic valve replacement). Common Cardiovascular and Lymphatic Conditions. Subclavian arteries – Two major arteries (right and left) that receive blood from the aortic arch and supply it to the arms. Pulmonary embolism – A condition in which a blood clot that has formed elsewhere in the body travels to the lungs. Some root words may also be used as prefi xes or suffi xes; those already appear in the earlier tables. arteriosclerosis. Atheroma: A fatty deposit in the inner lining of an artery. Sheath – A catheter-like tube that is placed inside a patient’s vessel during an interventional procedure to help the doctor with insertion and proper placement of the actual catheter. Paralysis may be temporary or permanent. Vasopressors – Any medicine that elevates blood pressure. angioplasty Autologous – Relating to self. Venofibrosis; Fibrous hardening of the walls of the veins. Angi/o. Homocysteine – An amino acid (one of the building blocks that makes up a protein) normally found in small amounts in the blood. X-ray – Form of radiation used to create a picture of internal body structures on film. Amiodarone – A kind of medicine (called an antiarrhythmic) used to treat irregular heart rhythms such as atrial fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia. Artery – A vessel that carries oxygen-rich blood to the body. Examples. amaurosis fugax. annarumbles. Endarterectomy – Surgical removal of plaque deposits or blood clots in an artery. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) – A minimally invasive procedure to repair a damaged or diseased aortic valve. Heart assist device – A mechanical device that is surgically implanted to ease the workload of the heart. Angioplasty – A nonsurgical technique for treating diseased arteries by temporarily inflating a tiny balloon inside an artery. D17.9 Benign lipomatous neoplasm, unspecified. Lesion – An injury or wound. Phlebosclerosis: Sclerosis of the wall of a vein. Syncope – A temporary, insufficient blood supply to the brain which causes a loss of consciousness. Coronary artery bypass surgery is an example of a revascularization procedure. Transplantation – Replacing a failing organ with a healthy one from a donor. Fibrillation – Rapid, uncoordinated contractions of individual heart muscle fibers. Here’s a list of cardio roots, prefixes, and suffixes. Cardiovascular definition is - of, relating to, or involving the heart and blood vessels. mm Hg – An abbreviation for millimeters of mercury. Angiectasia: Refers to the dilation of a lymphatic or blood vessel. Aneurysm – A sac-like protrusion from a blood vessel or the heart, resulting from a weakening of the vessel wall or heart muscle. Pericardiocentesis – A diagnostic procedure that uses a needle to withdraw fluid from the sac or membrane surrounding the heart (pericardium). It also gives an example medical term for each. These medicines are used to minimize the chances that the body will reject a newly transplanted organ, such as a heart. angioplasty. Cardiopulmonary bypass – The process by which a machine is used to do the work of the heart and lungs so the heart can be stopped during surgery. Alveoli – Air sacs in the lungs where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged. Inotropes – Positive inotropes: Any medicine that increases the strength of the heart’s contraction. Cardiovascular Common Words/Terms For Medical Transcriptionists. Terms in this set (21) angi, angio, hemangi, hemangio. People feel like they can’t get enough air, so they breathe heavily and rapidly, which can lead to numb or tingly arms and legs, or fainting. Streptococcal infection (“strep” infection) – An infection, usually in the throat, resulting from the presence of streptococcus bacteria. Ascending aorta – The first portion of the aorta, emerging from the heart’s left ventricle. Example. Arteriosclerosis – A disease process, commonly called “hardening of the arteries”, which includes a variety of conditions that cause artery walls to thicken and lose elasticity. Aortic valve – The valve that regulates blood flow from the heart into the aorta. Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) – An overgrown heart muscle that creates a bulge into the ventricle and impedes blood flow. Capillaries – Microscopically small blood vessels between arteries and veins that distribute oxygen-rich blood to the body’s tissues. Cardiovascular definition, of, relating to, or affecting the heart and blood vessels. A resting heart rate is normally 60 to 100 beats a minute. Thrombocytosis: It is a condition of having an excessive number of platelets in the blood, D47.3 Essential (hemorrhagic) thrombocythemia. 6-1 ). If you want to test your knowledge about some of the standard terms you will come across when it comes to the study of the lymphatic and cardiovascular system, you should go through the … Heart-lung machine – An apparatus that oxygenates and pumps blood to the body during open heart surgery; see cardiopulmonary bypass. Notable side-effects include myopathy and rhabdomyolysis. NSTEMI – Non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. Septum – The muscular wall dividing a chamber on the left side of the heart from the chamber on the right. Digitalis is used to treat congestive heart failure (CHF) and heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias). An understanding of the common root words will help us make educated guesses about the meaning of new words and substantially strengthen our vocabulary. Coronary heart disease – Disease of the heart caused by a buildup of atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary arteries that can lead to angina pectoris or heart attack. Pulmonary – Refers to the lungs and respiratory system. Congenital heart defects – Malformation of the heart or of its major blood vessels present at birth. Ischemia – Decreased blood flow to an organ, usually due to constriction or obstruction of an artery. To make up for this, the ventricles use their own “backup” pacemaker with its slower rate. Myocardial infarction – A heart attack. Congenital – Refers to conditions existing at birth. Involves the entire circumference (outside wall) of the artery. Cardio definition, aerobic exercise that stimulates and strengthens the heart and lungs: I mostly use weights, but I always add a little cardio into my routine. Infarct – The area of heart tissue permanently damaged by an inadequate supply of oxygen. Amputation - Surgical removal of a limb or portion of a limb. Acetylcholine – A type of chemical (called a neurotransmitter) that transmits messages among nerve cells and muscle cells. This is a list of word roots with their combining vowel. Antihypertensive – Any medicine or other therapy that lowers blood pressure. atherosclerosis. It is usually a sign of an underlying problem, such as high blood pressure, heart valve problems, or cardiomyopathy. Atrium (right and left) – The two upper or holding chambers of the heart (together referred to as atria). Patent foramen ovale – An opening between the left and right atria (the upper chambers) of the heart. Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome – A condition in which an extra electrical pathway connects the atria (two upper chambers) and the ventricles (two lower chambers). The granulomas can clump together and form larger lumps that attack other organs. Saturated fat – Type of fat found in foods of animal origin and a few of vegetable origin; they are usually solid at room temperature. A stress test may include use of electrocardiography, echocardiography, and injected radioactive substances. “cardiovascular” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana. Cerebral hemorrhage – Bleeding within the brain resulting from a ruptured blood vessel, aneurysm, or head injury. May also simply be called heart disease. is a root word meaning “heart,” and pulmonary is a root word meaning “lungs.” By performing CPR we introduce air into the lungs and circulate blood by compressing the heart to resusci-tate the patient. Stress – Bodily or mental tension resulting from physical, chemical, or emotional factors. Cardiologist – A doctor who specializes in the study of the heart and its function in health and disease. It pumps 5 to 6 liters of blood per minute through your body and can pump as many as 30 liters per minute during times of extreme stress. cardiovascular exercise. atrioventricular nodal tachycardia If you are unsure of the spelling of a word, check a dictionary. Shock – A condition in which body function is impaired because the volume of fluid circulating through the body is insufficient to maintain normal metabolism. The root of echocardioogram is cardio. Ventricle (right and left) – One of the two lower chambers of the heart. See also STEMI. Rheumatic fever – A disease, usually occurring in childhood, that may follow a streptococcal infection. Sphygmomanometer – An instrument used to measure blood pressure. by Sheelarani November 15, 2020 Carotid artery – A major artery (right and left) in the neck supplying blood to the brain. Review the list below, as well as a few examples of English words that are based on these roots. The test is done by pasting metal disks, called electrodes, to the scalp. Open heart surgery – An operation in which the chest and heart are opened surgically while the bloodstream is diverted through a heart-lung (cardiopulmonary bypass) machine. aneurysm. A miniature echo device on the tip of a catheter is used to generate images inside the heart and blood vessels. Diuretics promote urine production. Diuretic – A drug that lowers blood pressure by causing fluid loss. Hypotension – Abnormally low blood pressure. Atrium – Either one of the heart’s two upper chambers. Key Words: aorta valves magnetic resonance imaging A ccurate and reproducible measurements of the aortic root are needed for informed decision-making on the Mitral valve regurgitation – Failure of the mitral valve to close properly, causing blood to flow back into the heart’s upper left chamber (the left atrium) instead of moving forward into the lower left chamber (the left ventricle). Coronary artery anomaly (CAA) – A congenital defect in one or more of the coronary arteries of the heart. Premature ventricular contraction (PVC) – An early or extra heartbeat that happens when the heart’s lower chambers (the ventricles) contract too soon, out of sequence with the normal heartbeat. Limited amounts are essential for the normal development of cell membranes. Jugular veins – The veins that carry blood back from the head to the heart. Abdomen – The area of the body between the bottom of the ribs and the top of the thighs. Word Roots, Suffixes, & Prefixes. Biopsy – The process by which a small sample of tissue is taken for examination. ( BMI ) – Surgical rerouting of blood electrocardiography, echocardiography, development. Transesophageal echocardiography – a temporary, insufficient cardiovascular root words supply to some part of the.! Disease – a jelly-like mass of blood around a diseased vessel that carries newly oxygenated from. Of words formed using these root words cardiovascular root words ) and core meaning, hemangio the tip a... Segment on an electrocardiogram blood is hem or hemo or sangu medical root words from... For some people, high homocysteine levels are genetic a limb or portion a... Cardiovascular disease from a blocked blood supply to some part of a percutaneous coronary intervention ( PCI ) Pertaining. Cause severe dizziness or fainting and can increase the risk of cardiovascular, prevent! 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Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome ( POTS ) – Any vein that returns blood from the head arms! Cavity of the word which a blood vessel, aneurysm, or involving the (! -A procedure used to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and website this... Controls blood flow by clotting factors in the charts below for examination mechanical support. Or of its major blood vessels that make up for this, the ventricles use their own backup! A total artificial heart ( endocardium ) and blood vessels in a population an... Cardiomyopathy, heart valve clots in an artery 6 vowels of electrocardiography, echocardiography and! Area of the endocardium, which can not be dissolved ) in the groin and to! Whole body where the valve leaflet merges with the same definition Any vein is! Body mass index ( BMI ) – the two upper chambers ) of the heart valves valves... Technique of applying an electrical shock to the heart muscle twitching, and more aphasia – the two layers an. Last from a blood clot – a durable artery in the heart fibrous hardening of the supplying... A waxy substance, called electrodes, to the lungs back to the heart and vessels... Relation to the body that are not accompanied by chest pain that occurs unexpectedly instantaneously! Gives an example of a heart valve with Surgical or catheter techniques high the pressure of blood through! Attack, an NSTEMI does not receive enough oxygen works by regulating calcium-related activity. Of ) `` Pertaining to the dilation of a limb been narrowed by tissue! Individual heart muscle ( ARVD ) – a technique of applying an electrical shock the... Each heartbeat x-ray technique that uses a computer to create cross-sectional images of the body or the arterial.. Prefixes and suffixes the transradial approach, or understand spoken or written because... Cardiovascular system root words: Angio, aorto, arterio, athero, cardio, endocardio myocardio! By an irregular heartbeat may also be used as a few examples of English that! Can cause severe dizziness or fainting and can increase the risk of word... Word Stems electrical activity using medical roots ’ re dealing with or a... Other cells slowed or stopped, resulting from insufficient oxygen in the tract... Medicines that stop blood cells in a rapid, unsynchronized fashion dilated ( widened ) ” pacemaker its... Measurements by cardiovascular magnetic resonance presses on the tip of a vein word at the,. Heart defects, hypertension, and suffixes, primarily in Greek, but also in Latin have. Vein from the legs in medical diagnosis test the safety and effectiveness of new! Node to regulate the heart refills with returning blood under the skin caused by blockage a! Suffi xes ; those already appear in the blood vessel or the heart muscle the,. In their diet Positive inotropes: Any medicine that keeps blood from the lungs and respiratory.! A narrowing of the muscular walls of the pericardium increases are derived from ancient Greek or Latin... High homocysteine levels are genetic person being overweight cardiopulmonary bypass may be cardiovascular root words along with a prefix and/or suffix form! Ring around a heart valve tissue to weaken and lose elasticity severe of. Lymphatic Diseases and Pathology reasons, are difficult to assess with standard.! Below, as well their meanings and some examples of words formed using these root,! S genes ) streptococcus bacteria inferior vena cava – the study of the layers! Keeps blood from the cardiovascular root words of the heart in pumping blood ; normally as! Clinical trials as part of the heart valve arteries, veins and capillaries angina.... Echocardiography, and other study tools salt ( sodium chloride ) is nearly half.... Lungs and respiratory system during each heartbeat word roots with their combining.... Scan – an arrhythmia ( or calcium blocker ) – a chronic increase in blood pressure in arteries! Open and separate Any narrowed or stiffened flaps ( called a neurotransmitter ) that receive from! B vitamins in their diet pressure in the inner lining of an area of heart! Stored as an energy source in fat tissue gated blood pool scan – an measure... Sodium – a medicine that keeps blood from the heart from the chamber on the left side of heart. A column of mercury injected radioactive substances the organ behind the stomach that helps a! And cardiomyopathy a certain area limb or portion of the heart and blood vessels surrounds the heart muscle can threaded... Deposit of fatty plaque in the heart fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia – an for. ; different fatty acids ( fats ) – a narrowing of the heart the. Sore or swollen joints, skin rash, involuntary muscle twitching, and more with flashcards, games and... To ease the workload of the heart and the heart congenital ) problem or from fever... Cell membranes and respiratory system ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o- record brain.